The Wildebeest's guide to South Africa

Brown Hyena

Afrikaans name: Strandwolf

Brown Hyena

Brown Hyena

Photo © EcoView - Fotolia.com

Hyaena brunnea

Unlike the Spotted Hyena the Brown Hyena is not often seen. They are more associated with the more arid regions of the country than the savanna.

The Brown Hyena is only found in South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Most of their food is obtained by scavenging and they will aggressively challenge other predators over carcasses. They also feed on smaller mammals, eggs and insects.

Brown Hyenas live in small family groups which are typically headed by an adult male and female.

Brown Hyena

Photo © EcoView - Fotolia.com

References and further reading

Wildlife of Southern Africa - Author: Martin Withers and David Hosking - Published: 2011 - Page: 208

Wild Ways - 2nd Edition - Author: Peter Apps - Published: 2000 - Page: 59

Wild Issue 26 - Author: - Published: 2014 - Page: 31

Wild Issue 39 - Author: - Published: 2017 - Page: 42

Tracks and Tracking in Southern Africa - Author: Louis Liebenberg - Published: 2000 - Page: 76

The Rough Guide to Game Parks of South Africa - Author: P. Briggs - Published: 2020 - Page: 322

The Mammal Guide of Southern Africa - 2nd Edition - Author: Burger Cillie - Published: 2011 - Page: 126

The Living Deserts of Southern Africa - 2nd edition - Author: Darry Lovegrove - Published: 2021 - Page: 153

The Living Deserts of Southern Africa - 2nd edition - Author: Darry Lovegrove - Published: 2021 - Page: 134

The Living Deserts of Southern Africa - 2nd edition - Author: Darry Lovegrove - Published: 2021 - Page: 103

The Living Deserts of Southern Africa - 2nd edition - Author: Darry Lovegrove - Published: 2021 - Page: 65

Southern African Wildlife - Author: Readers Digest - Published: 1989 - Page: 65

Signs of the Wild - 5th Edition - Author: Clive Walker - Published: 1996 - Page: 90

South African Animals in the Wild - Author: Anthony Bannister - Published: 1985 - Page: 88

Signs of the Wild - 3rd Edition - Author: Clive Walker - Published: 1986 - Page: 95

Questions and Answers - Endangered Wildlife of Southern Africa - Author: John Comrie-Greig - Published: 1992 - Page: 13

Predators of Southern Africa - A field guide - Author: Grobler, Hall-Martin & Walker - Published: 2012 - Page: 89

Mammals of the Kruger and other National Parks - Author: The National Parks Board - Published: 1980 - Page: 34

Mammals of Southern Africa - Author: Burger Cillie - Published: 1987 - Page: 43

Maberlys Mammals of Southern Africa - Revised edition - Author: Richard Goss - Published: 1986 - Page: 68

Land Mammals of Southern Africa - A field guide - Author: Reay HN Smithers - Published: 1986 - Page: 94

Kruger National Park Questions and Answers - Author: P.F. Fourie - Published: 1987 - Page: 274

Illustrated Guide to the Game Parks and Nature Reserves of SA - 2nd edn - Author: Readers Digest - Published: 1991 - Page: 417

Getaway - Vol 27 No 04 - Author: - Published: 2015 - Page: 10

Guide to the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park - Author: Gus Mills and Clem Haagner - Published: 1996 - Page: 33

Field Guide to the Mammals of the Kruger National Park - Author: U. de V. Pienaar et al. - Published: 1987 - Page: 86

Field Guide to the Mammals of Southern Africa - 3rd Edition - Author: Chris and Tilde Stuart - Published: 2001 - Page: 148

Field Guide to the Larger Mammals of Africa - 1st Edition - Author: Chris and Tilde Stuart - Published: 1997 - Page: 268

Field Guide to Fynbos Fauna - Author: Cliff & Suretha Dorse - Published: 2023 - Page: 250

Field Guide to the Cradle of Humankind - Author: B. Hilton-Barber & Prof. L. R. Berger - Published: 2004 - Page: 150

Chris and Tilde Stuarts Field Guide to the Mammals of Southern Africa - 1st Edit - Author: Chris and Tilde Stuart - Published: 1988 - Page: 148

An Introduction to the Larger Mammals of Southern Africa - Author: Joanna Dalton - Published: 1987 - Page: 104

Africas Big Cats and Other Carnivores - Author: Nigel Dennis - Published: 2001 - Page: 82

A Field Guide to the Tracks & Signs of Southern and East African Wildlife - 3rd - Author: Chris and Tilde Stuart - Published: 2000 - Page: 34

A Field Guide to the Mammals of Africa including Madagascar - Author: Theodor Haltenorth and Helmut Diller - Published: 1980 - Page: 217

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List of South African Mammals

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