The Wildebeest's guide to South Africa

Freshwater Life

Cover of the book Freshwater Life

Authors: Charles Griffiths, Jenny Day and Mike Picker

Number of pages: 368

Year published: 2015

Edition: 1st

Published by: Struik Nature

Softcover

ISBN: 978 1 77584 102 9

The Wildebeest's Review of Freshwater Life

The Wildebeest reviewing a book

In a way this is a strange book as it covers anything, and everything, associated with water and this ranges from bacteria to mammals such as Hippos. It does, however, fulfil its promise of giving you a guide to a wide variety of animal and plant life that you may encounter near any body of water.

So, next time that you go on vacation to a dam, or river, take this book with an it will assist you with the identification of most things that you are likely to see.

“Freshwater Life” documents and illustrates over 1,000 freshwater organisms. Each one has a write up, distribution map and colour photo. The text gives a good description of the species with shorter notes on its size, biology and, in some cases, similar species.

There are also “Introduction” and “Water activities” sections which I found particularly interesting.

The authors have done a really good job on this book which provides you with one book to take with on your trip to a water habitat rather than a small library of specialist books.

Some of the subjects in this publication

Sitatunga - Page: 40
Waterbuck - Page: 40
Hippopotamus - Page: 40
Red Lechwe - Page: 40
Reedbuck - Page: 42
Cape Clawless Otter - Page: 42
Water Mongoose - Page: 42
Greater Cane Rat - Page: 44
Swamp Musk Shrew - Page: 44
Vlei Rat - Page: 44
South African Shelduck - Page: 46
Spur-winged Goose - Page: 46
Comb Duck - Page: 46
Egyptian Goose - Page: 46
Maccoa Duck - Page: 46
White-faced Duck - Page: 46
Southern Pochard - Page: 46
Yellow-billed Duck - Page: 48
African Black Duck - Page: 48
Cape Teal - Page: 48
Cape Shoveler - Page: 48
African Pygmy-Goose - Page: 48
White-backed Duck - Page: 48
Hottentot Teal - Page: 48
Red-billed Teal - Page: 48
African Sacred Ibis - Page: 50
Little Grebe - Page: 50
Greater Flamingo - Page: 50
Glossy Ibis - Page: 50
Great Crested Grebe - Page: 50
Lesser Flamingo - Page: 50
African Spoonbill - Page: 50
Black-headed Heron - Page: 52
Yellow-billed Egret - Page: 52
Purple Heron - Page: 52
Black Heron - Page: 52
Squacco Heron - Page: 52
Goliath Heron - Page: 52
Grey Heron - Page: 52
Little Egret - Page: 52
African Openbill - Page: 54
Little Bittern - Page: 54
Yellow-billed Stork - Page: 54
Saddle-billed Stork - Page: 54
Woolly-necked Stork - Page: 54
Black-crowned Night-Heron - Page: 54
Hamerkop - Page: 54
Green-backed Heron - Page: 54
African Darter - Page: 56
Pink-backed Pelican - Page: 56
Reed Cormorant - Page: 56
African Fish-Eagle - Page: 56
Great White Pelican - Page: 56
White-breasted Cormorant - Page: 56
African Marsh-Harrier - Page: 56
Osprey - Page: 56
Common Moorhen - Page: 58
Red-knobbed Coot - Page: 58
Wattled Crane - Page: 58
African Purple Swamphen - Page: 58
Black Crake - Page: 58
African Rail - Page: 58
African Finfoot - Page: 58
Ruff - Page: 60
Black-winged Stilt - Page: 60
Water Thick-knee - Page: 60
Three-banded Plover - Page: 60
African Jacana - Page: 60
African Snipe - Page: 60
Blacksmith Lapwing - Page: 60
Southern Red Bishop - Page: 62
Cape Wagtail - Page: 62
Caspian Tern - Page: 62
Whiskered Tern - Page: 62
Pied Kingfisher - Page: 62
Malachite Kingfisher - Page: 62
Grey-headed Gull - Page: 62
Nile Crocodile - Page: 64
Marsh Terrapin - Page: 64
Serrated Hinged Terrapin - Page: 64
Zambezi Soft-shelled Terrapin - Page: 64
Many-spotted Snake - Page: 66
South Eastern Green Snake - Page: 66
Southern African Python - Page: 66
Nile Monitor - Page: 66
Brown Water Snake - Page: 66
Olive Marsh Snake - Page: 66
Giant Bullfrog - Page: 68
Guttural Toad - Page: 70
Olive Toad - Page: 70
Red Toad - Page: 70
Lemaires Toad - Page: 70
Western Leopard Toad - Page: 70
Cape Sand Toad - Page: 72
Mottled Shovel-nosed Frog - Page: 72
Amatola Toad - Page: 72
Karoo Toad - Page: 72
Spotted Shovel-nosed Frog - Page: 72
Paradise Toad - Page: 72
Cape River Frog - Page: 74
Common Platanna - Page: 74
Common River Frog - Page: 74
Cape Platanna - Page: 74
Maluti River Frog - Page: 74
Phofung River Frog (see 9071) - Page: 74
Marbled Rubber Frog - Page: 76
Long-toed Tree Frog - Page: 76
Banded Rubber Frog - Page: 76
Natal Tree Frog - Page: 76
Brown-backed Tree Frog - Page: 76
Southern Foam Nest Frog - Page: 78
Ornate Frog - Page: 78
Cape Ghost Frog - Page: 78
Table Mountain Ghost Frog - Page: 78
Natal Cascade Frog - Page: 78
Sharp-nosed Grass Frog - Page: 80
Mascarene Grass Frog - Page: 80
Dwarf Grass Frog - Page: 80
Plain Grass Frog - Page: 80
Striped Grass Frog - Page: 80
Clicking Stream Frog - Page: 82
Plain Stream Frog - Page: 82
Striped Stream Frog - Page: 82
Banded Stream Frog - Page: 82
Tremolo Sand Frog - Page: 84
Natal Sand Frog - Page: 84
Red-legged Kassina - Page: 84
Bubbling Kassina - Page: 84
Roses Mountain Toadlet - Page: 86
Kloof Frog - Page: 86
Northern Pygmy Toad - Page: 86
Snoring Puddle Frog - Page: 86
Arum Lily Frog - Page: 88
Painted Reed Frog - Page: 88
Yellow-striped Reed Frog - Page: 88
Tinker Reed Frog - Page: 88
Montane Marsh Frog - Page: 88
Pickersgills Reed Frog - Page: 90
Water Lily Frog - Page: 90
Argus Reed Frog - Page: 90
Powers Long Reed Frog - Page: 90
Large-nosed Long Reed Frog - Page: 90
Angolan Reed Frog - Page: 90
Bronze Caco - Page: 92
Boettgers Caco - Page: 92
Cape Caco - Page: 92
Namaqua Caco - Page: 92
Knysna Leaf-folding Frog - Page: 94
Greater Leaf-folding Frog - Page: 94
Delicate Leaf-folding Frog - Page: 94
Micro Frog - Page: 94
Golden Leaf-folding Frog - Page: 94
Natal Leaf-folding Frog - Page: 94
Western Bottlenose - Page: 96
Cornish Jack - Page: 96
Lungfish - Page: 96
Slender Stonebasher - Page: 98
Southern Churchill - Page: 98
Kapenta - Page: 98
Dwarf Stonebasher - Page: 98
Bulldog - Page: 98
Plain Long-finned Eel - Page: 98
Southern Barred Minnow - Page: 100
Red Barb - Page: 100
Southern Kneria - Page: 100
Hyphen Barb - Page: 100
River Sardine - Page: 100
Chubbyhead Barb - Page: 100
Sicklefin Barb - Page: 102
Beira Barb - Page: 102
Banded Orange-finned Barb - Page: 102
Papermouth - Page: 102
Straightfin Barb - Page: 102
Three-spot Barb - Page: 102
Clanwilliam Redfin - Page: 102
Drakensburg Minnow - Page: 104
Sawfin - Page: 104
Cape whitefish - Page: 104
Border barb - Page: 104
Burchells Redfin - Page: 104
Eastern Cape redfin - Page: 104
Largescale Yellowfish - Page: 106
Clanwilliam Yellowfish - Page: 106
Smallmouth yellowfish - Page: 106
Largemouth yellowfish - Page: 106
Manyame Labeo - Page: 108
Carp - Page: 108
Red-eye Labeo - Page: 108
Grass Carp - Page: 108
Moggel - Page: 108
Orange River Mudfish - Page: 108
Clanwilliam Sandfish - Page: 108
Southern Pike - Page: 110
Dwarf Citharine - Page: 110
Chessa - Page: 110
Silver Robber - Page: 110
Spot-tail Robber - Page: 110
Tigerfish - Page: 110
Electric Catfish - Page: 112
Spotted Sand Catlet - Page: 112
Blunttooth Catfish - Page: 112
Silver Catfish - Page: 112
Common Mountain Catfish - Page: 112
Clanwilliam Rock-catfish - Page: 112
Cave Catfish - Page: 114
Vundu - Page: 114
Largespot Squeaker - Page: 114
Brown Squeaker - Page: 114
Snake Catfish - Page: 114
Penant-tailed Catlet - Page: 114
Sharptooth Catfish - Page: 114
Southern Rainbow Killifish - Page: 116
Brown Trout - Page: 116
Rainbow Trout - Page: 116
Cape Galaxias - Page: 116
Spotted Bass - Page: 118
Smallmouth Bass - Page: 118
Large-mouth Bass - Page: 118
Mosquitofish - Page: 118
Johnstons Topminnow - Page: 118
Bluegill Sunfish - Page: 118
Pink Bream - Page: 120
Banded Jewel Fish - Page: 120
Thinface Largemouth - Page: 120
Nembwe - Page: 120
Southern Mouthbrooder - Page: 120
Lowveld largemouth - Page: 120
Mozambique Tilapia - Page: 122
Longtailed Spiny Eel - Page: 122
Red-breasted Kurper - Page: 122
Manyspined Climbing Perch - Page: 122
Banded Tilapia - Page: 122
Cape Kurper - Page: 122
Bristled River Snail - Page: 124
Neritina natalensis - Page: 124
Neritina pulligera - Page: 124
Neritina gagates - Page: 124
Reunion Island Septaria - Page: 124
Western Pila - Page: 126
Egg-shaped Lanistes - Page: 126
Tomichia cawstoni - Page: 126
Crowned Melania - Page: 126
Common Pond Snail - Page: 128
Small Pond Snail - Page: 128
Quilted Melania - Page: 128
Banded Melania - Page: 128
Red-rimmed Melania - Page: 128
Bulinus natalensis - Page: 130
Bulinus forskalii - Page: 130
Bulinus africanus - Page: 130
Ribbed Ramshorn Snail - Page: 130
Pfeiffers Ramshorn Snail - Page: 130
Bulinus tropicus - Page: 130
Bulinus globosus - Page: 130
Sewage Snail - Page: 132
Mouse-eared Snail - Page: 132
Brack-water Mussel - Page: 132
Amber Snail - Page: 132
Cape River Mussel - Page: 134
Zambezi River Mussel - Page: 134
Wahlbergs River Mussel - Page: 134
Frames River Mussel - Page: 134
Fingernail Mussel - Page: 136
Orb Mussel - Page: 136
African River Oyster - Page: 136
Pisidium reticulatum - Page: 136
African Porcelain Mussel - Page: 136
Pisidium costulosum - Page: 136
Springtails - Page: 138
Ballistura schoetti - Page: 138
Ceratophysella denticulata - Page: 138
Isotomurus palustris - Page: 138
Mayflies - Page: 140
Pseudopannota maculosa - Page: 142
Demoreptus natalensis - Page: 142
Afroptilum sudafricanum - Page: 142
Baetis harrisoni - Page: 142
Adenophlebiodes bicolor - Page: 144
Big-tusked Wood Burrower - Page: 146
Ephoron savignyi - Page: 146
Euthraulus elegans - Page: 146
Aprionyx tricuspidatus - Page: 146
Mooi River Burrower - Page: 148
Machadorythus maculatus - Page: 148
Glistening Demoiselle - Page: 152
Dragonflies - Page: 152
Dancing Jewel - Page: 152
Damselflies - Page: 152
Mountain Malachite - Page: 152
Highland Spreadwing - Page: 152
Swamp Bluet - Page: 154
Common Citril - Page: 154
Goldtail - Page: 154
Common Threadtail - Page: 154
Tropical Bluetail - Page: 154
Painted Sprite - Page: 156
Slate Sprite - Page: 156
Masai Sprite - Page: 156
Powder-Faced Sprite - Page: 156
Catshead Sprite - Page: 156
Upland Sprite - Page: 156
Cherry-Eye Sprite - Page: 156
Orange Emperor - Page: 158
Darting Cruiser - Page: 158
Blue Emperor - Page: 158
Friendly Hawker - Page: 158
Stream Hawker - Page: 158
Common Tigertail - Page: 160
Common Hooktail - Page: 160
Rock Hooktail - Page: 160
Common Thorntail - Page: 160
Yellowjack - Page: 160
Red-veined Dropwing - Page: 162
Violet Dropwing - Page: 162
Broad Scarlet - Page: 162
Orange-Winged Dropwing - Page: 162
Nomad - Page: 162
Epaulet Skimmer - Page: 164
Long Skimmer - Page: 164
Julia Skimmer - Page: 164
Jaunty Dropwing - Page: 164
Eastern Blacktail - Page: 164
Navy Dropwing - Page: 164
Lucia Widow - Page: 166
Yellow-veined Widow - Page: 166
Wandering Glider - Page: 166
Banded Groundling - Page: 166
Phantom Flutterer - Page: 166
Skylight Flutterer - Page: 166
Common Cape Stonefly - Page: 168
Desmonemoura pulchellum - Page: 168
Desmonemoura brevis - Page: 168
Stoneflies - Page: 168
Afronemoura spinulata - Page: 170
Afronemoura amatolae - Page: 170
Aphanicercopsis tabularis - Page: 170
Aphanicercella cassida - Page: 170
Balinskycercella tugelae - Page: 170
Grasshoppers - Page: 172
Earwigs - Page: 172
Crickets - Page: 172
Mole Cricket - Page: 172
Ochterus marginatus - Page: 174
Shore Bugs - Page: 174
Valleriola moesta - Page: 174
Ochterus caffer - Page: 174
Hebrometra niemeri - Page: 176
Nerthra grandicollis - Page: 176
Mesovelia vittigera - Page: 176
Tenagovelia sjoestedti - Page: 178
Xiphoveloidea major - Page: 178
Ocellovelia distanti - Page: 178
Water Striders - Page: 180
Orange Water Strider - Page: 180
Pencil Water Strider - Page: 180
Pond Skater - Page: 180
Sigara meridionalis - Page: 182
Sigara sexlineata - Page: 182
Chevron Pond Skater - Page: 182
Naboandelus africanus - Page: 182
Limpid Backswimmer - Page: 184
Trichocorixa verticalis - Page: 184
Notonecta lactitans - Page: 184
Hydrocyrius columbiae - Page: 186
Esakiella hutchinsoni - Page: 186
Water Scorpions - Page: 188
Appasus grassei - Page: 188
Fiebers Giant Water Bug - Page: 188
Wrestling Water Bug - Page: 188
Appasus nepoides - Page: 188
Laccotrephes brachialis - Page: 188
Appasus procera - Page: 188
Aphids / Plant lice / Green flies - Page: 190
Saucer Bug - Page: 190
Neomacrocoris parviceps - Page: 190
Saucer Bugs - Page: 190
Water Lily Aphid - Page: 190
Leptosialis necopinata - Page: 192
Fishflies - Page: 192
Chloroniella peringueyi - Page: 192
Dobson Flies (see 12514) - Page: 192
Alderflies (see 12523) - Page: 192
Cape Dobson Fly - Page: 192
Alderfly - Page: 192
Water Scavenger Beetles - Page: 194
Hydaticus dregei - Page: 196
Hydaticus exclamationis - Page: 196
Rhantus concolorans - Page: 196
Hydaticus bivittatus - Page: 196
Yellow-edge Water Beetle - Page: 196
Aspidytes niobe - Page: 198
Hydrophilus senegalensis - Page: 200
Hydrophilus aculeatus - Page: 200
Ahaggaria australis - Page: 202
Afrobrianax ferdyi - Page: 204
Donaciasta goecki - Page: 206
Royal Tiger Beetle - Page: 208
Crane Flies / Leatherjackets - Page: 210
Flies - Page: 210
Mosquitoes - Page: 212
Aedes aegyptii - Page: 212
Kiefferulus brevibucca - Page: 214
Dicrotendipes nigrolineatus - Page: 214
Tabanus gratus - Page: 220
Haematopota nobilis - Page: 220
Tabanus taeniola - Page: 220
Trichacantha atrunupta - Page: 220
Band-eyed Drone Fly - Page: 224
Drone Fly - Page: 224
Sepedon convergens - Page: 226
Ethiolimnia geniculata - Page: 226
Orthotrichia barnardi - Page: 228
Oxyethira velocipes - Page: 228
Hydroptila cruciata - Page: 228
Agapetus murinus - Page: 228
Caddisflies - Page: 228
Sciadorus obtusus - Page: 230
Cheumetopsyche afra - Page: 230
Macrostemum capense - Page: 230
Cheumetopsyche thomasseti - Page: 230
Chimarra ambulans - Page: 230
Abaria electa - Page: 232
Parecnomina resima - Page: 232
Silvatares collyrifer - Page: 234
Lepidostoma brachycerus - Page: 234
Lepidostoma caffrariae - Page: 234
Barbarochton brunneum - Page: 236
Leptecho scirpii - Page: 236
Athripsodes bergensis - Page: 236
Leptecho helicotheca - Page: 236
Athripsodes prionii - Page: 236
Athripsodes schoenobates - Page: 236
Petrothrincus demoori - Page: 238
Rhoizema montanum - Page: 238
Leptecho helicotheca - Page: 238
Hydrosalpinx sericea - Page: 238
Common Fish-eating Spider - Page: 240
South African Water Wolf Spider - Page: 240
Boyds Long-jawed Water Spider - Page: 240
Hydrozetes capensis - Page: 242
Swamp Forest Freshwater Crab - Page: 244
Burrowing Freshwater Crab - Page: 244
Potamonautes brincki - Page: 244
Potamonautes clarus - Page: 244
Potamonautes depressus - Page: 244
Warrens River Crab - Page: 244
Potamonautes unispinus - Page: 244
Sidneys River Crab - Page: 244
Cape River Crab - Page: 244
Spiked Mountain River Crab - Page: 244
Potamonautes parvicorpus - Page: 244
Australian Red Claw Crayfish - Page: 246
Freshwater Shrimp - Page: 246
Freshwater Shrimp - Page: 246
Marron - Page: 246
Hairy River Prawn - Page: 246
Leaf-shredder Amphipod - Page: 248
Brine Shrimp - Page: 250
Purcells Fairy Shrimp - Page: 250
Wolfs Fairy Shrimp - Page: 250
Tadpole Shrimp - Page: 250
Water Flea - Page: 252
Water Flea - Page: 252
Cape Clam Shrimp - Page: 252
Water Flea - Page: 252
Elephant Water Flea - Page: 252
Water Flea - Page: 252
Water Flea - Page: 252
Moina micrura - Page: 252
Macrothrix spinosa - Page: 252
Water Flea - Page: 252
Fish Louse - Page: 254
Lamproglena hepseti - Page: 254
Tuberose Zonocypris - Page: 256
Spiny Paracypretta - Page: 256
Hairy Giant Ostracod - Page: 256
Obtuse Gomphocythere - Page: 256
Plumatella rugosa - Page: 258
Plumatella vaihiriae - Page: 258
Plumatella bushnelli - Page: 258
Plumatella emarginata - Page: 258
Plumatella repens - Page: 258
Plumatella punctata - Page: 258
Trembling Sea Mat - Page: 258
Freshwater Sponge - Page: 260
Brown Hydra - Page: 262
Great Lakes Jellyfish - Page: 262
Green Hydra - Page: 262
Common Freshwater Jellyfish - Page: 262
Prostoma eilhardi - Page: 264
Prostoma graecense - Page: 264
Retractile Rotifer - Page: 266
Brachionus plicatilis - Page: 266
Brachionus calyciflorus - Page: 266
Gastrotrichs - Page: 266
Temnosewellia chaeropsis - Page: 268
Ectoparasitic Flatworm - Page: 268
Jumping Rotifer - Page: 268
Sheathed Rotifer - Page: 268
Bilharzia Fluke - Page: 270
Platanna Fluke - Page: 270
Hippopotomus Eye Fluke - Page: 270
Schistosoma mansoni - Page: 270
Carp Fluke - Page: 270
Helobdella europea - Page: 272
Common African Leech - Page: 272
Marsupial Leech - Page: 272
Sewage Worm - Page: 272
Aeolosoma hemprichi - Page: 272
Broadleafed Arrowhead - Page: 274
Water Alisma - Page: 274
Upright Waterblommetjie - Page: 276
Dog-with-two-tails - Page: 276
Water Onion - Page: 276
Ifafa Lily - Page: 276
George Lily - Page: 276
Cape Pondweed - Page: 276
White Arum Lily - Page: 278
Water Lettuce - Page: 278
Commelina diffusa - Page: 278
Amadumbe - Page: 278
River Poker - Page: 278
Tall Slender Sedge - Page: 280
Jointed Flat Sedge - Page: 280
Saw Grass - Page: 280
Vlei Sedge - Page: 280
Drooping Sedge - Page: 280
Salt-marsh Sedge - Page: 280
Cut Grass - Page: 280
Winged Sedge - Page: 280
Tall Star Sedge - Page: 282
Smooth Flat Sedge - Page: 282
Sharp-tipped Sedge - Page: 282
Dune-slacked Hedge - Page: 282
Water Sedge - Page: 282
Round-tipped Sedge - Page: 282
Coastal River Sedge - Page: 282
Dwarf Papyrus - Page: 282
Tall Cylindrical Sedge - Page: 284
Soft Cylindrical Sedge - Page: 284
Loose River Sedge - Page: 284
Hanging Sedge - Page: 284
Round-headed Sedge - Page: 284
Rigid Sedge - Page: 284
Clustered Round Sedge - Page: 284
Golden Sedge - Page: 284
Broad-leaved Tape Grass - Page: 286
Water Thyme - Page: 286
Bachmanns Lachenalia - Page: 286
River Pipewort - Page: 286
Curly Water Thyme - Page: 286
Giant Pineapple Lily - Page: 286
Matting Rush - Page: 288
Aquatic Romulea - Page: 288
Creeping Rush - Page: 288
Cape Star - Page: 288
Common Rush - Page: 288
Vlei Gladiolus - Page: 288
Crimson Flag - Page: 288
Fat Frog-buttons - Page: 290
Rootless Duckweed - Page: 290
Risefield Waternymph - Page: 290
Greater Duckweed - Page: 290
Common Duckweed - Page: 290
Prickly Rush - Page: 290
Rigid Rush - Page: 290
Red Swamp Grass - Page: 292
Couch Paspalum - Page: 292
Acute Reed - Page: 292
Giant Reed - Page: 292
Hedgehog Grass - Page: 292
Pampas Grass - Page: 292
Common Reed - Page: 292
Pickerel Weed - Page: 294
Wild Ginger - Page: 294
Water Hyacinth - Page: 294
Heart-shaped Pickerel - Page: 294
Coastal Buffalo Grass - Page: 294
Royal Butterfly Lily - Page: 294
Submerged Pondweed - Page: 296
Palmiet - Page: 296
Fennel-leaved Pondweed - Page: 296
Broad-leaved Pondweed - Page: 296
Broom Restio - Page: 296
Wavy-leaved Pondweed - Page: 296
Cape Thatching Reed - Page: 296
Bulrush - Page: 298
Tall Bulrush - Page: 298
Cape Yellow-eye - Page: 298
Water Parsnip - Page: 298
Water Parsnip - Page: 298
Membranous Yellow-eye - Page: 298
Small Purple Daisy - Page: 300
Vlei Pom-pom - Page: 300
River Milkweed - Page: 300
Round Pennywort - Page: 300
Watercress - Page: 300
Kidney-shaped Pennywort - Page: 300
Salt Marsh Cotula - Page: 300
Common Hornwort - Page: 302
Yellow Flowered Sebaea - Page: 302
Cranes Bill - Page: 302
River Pumpkin - Page: 302
Marsh Chironia - Page: 302
Purple Chironia - Page: 302
Otter-bush - Page: 302
Blue Waterlily - Page: 304
Water Chestnut - Page: 304
White Water Lily - Page: 304
Floating Heart - Page: 304
Yellow Bladderwort - Page: 304
Spiked Watermilfoil - Page: 304
Parrots Feather - Page: 304
Geelwateruintjie - Page: 304
Floating Knotweed - Page: 306
Broad-leaved Plantain - Page: 306
Spotted Knotweed - Page: 306
Mudwort - Page: 306
African Willow Herb - Page: 306
Spotted Knotweed - Page: 306
Long-stemmed Mudwort - Page: 306
Umbrella Liverwort - Page: 308
Smooth Hornwort - Page: 308
Narrow Crystalwort - Page: 308
Lesser Water Moss - Page: 310
Purple-tipped Rhacocarp - Page: 310
Wards Stream Moss - Page: 310
Clustered Pocket Moss - Page: 310
Large-leaved Flapwort - Page: 310
Kariba Weed - Page: 312
Saddle-shaped Water Clover - Page: 312
Powdery Water Clover - Page: 312
Large Fruit Water Clover - Page: 312
Horsetail Fern - Page: 312
Swamp Cyclosorus - Page: 312
Red Water Fern - Page: 312
Creeping Fern - Page: 312
Cladophora glomerata - Page: 318
Cape Water Net - Page: 320
European Water Net - Page: 320
Diatoma - Page: 324
Cyclotella - Page: 324
Asterinella - Page: 324
Tabellaria - Page: 324
Tryblionella gracilis - Page: 326
Cymbella aspera - Page: 326
Navicula rostellata - Page: 326
Navicula angusta - Page: 326
Navicula tripunctata - Page: 326
Chaos chaos - Page: 326
Vorticella campanula - Page: 330
Dileptus margaritifer - Page: 330

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